2017 turned out to be a great year for shareholders. All major equity markets have gone up and have beaten most forecasts (including our own) by a nice margin. A look at the drivers, however, reveals some interesting insights:
Corporate profits rose around the globe. Estimates of high single-digit earnings growth proved to be too conservative. Companies from various indices saw profits going up by 10% and more over the past 12 months. Valuations, however, showed an uneven pattern across regions. U.S. markets started to discount a profit boost triggered by the tax reform, which translated into rising valuations. From already high levels, price-earnings ratiosclimbed even further over the course of 2017. For European as well as Japanese stocks, however, valuations declined, hence pushing performance figures below the increase in profits. Double-digit returns in some European markets have only been achieved thanks to dividend payouts, which are comparatively high in Europe. Emerging markets benefitted from inflows, which helped to lift valuations, although not to the same extent as for their U.S. peers. In the U.S., stock markets have priced in the tax benefit already. The other major driver for U.S. equities, the relatively high weighting of the tech sector, might also have reached its peak in (out)performance contribution. Hence, we would see some catch-up potential for other regions in 2018.
2017 stock market performance and its drivers*